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Saint Luke the Evangelist Edit

 

Saint Luke the Evangelist
Andrea Mantegna 017
Saint Luke writing the Gospole. By Andrea Mantegna (1431).

Birth:

Antioch, Turkey

Death:

84 A.D. near Boeotia, Greece

Venerated in:

Roman Catholic Church, Orthodox Church,Eastern Catholic Church, Coptic Church, Anglican Church, Lutheran Church, and some other Protestant Churches

Major Shrine:

Padua, Italy

Feast Day:

October 18

Patronage:

Artists, Physicians, Surgeons, Doctors, and others

Symbol:

An ox or a calf, a sign of sacrifice.

Saint Luke was an early Christian Leader who is best known for writing the Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles. We can find facts about him in Scriptures and Christian historians including from Saint Paul in Colossian 4:14, "Luke, the beloved physician".
































































Life Edit

Saint Luke was born in the city of Antioch with Greek origins. His earliest notice in the Scriptures is in Paul's Epistle to Philemon, verse 24. He is also mention in 2 Timothy 4:11, works commonly ascribed to Paul. The next earliest account of Luke is in the Anti-Marcionite Prologue to the Gospel of Luke.


New Testiment Books Edit

Christian scholars attribute Luke as being author of the third Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles, which is meant to be read as a sequel to the Gospel account. However, other scholars are more skeptical about Luke's authorship of these books. Despite this controveral matter, many secular scholars give credit to Luke's abilities as an historian. Both books are dedicated to one Theophilus and no person seriously doubts that the same person wrote both works, though neither work contains the name of its author.

Many people argue that the author of the book must have been a companion of the Apostle Paul, due to many passages in Acts written in the first person plural (known as the We Sections). These verses (see Acts 16:10-17, 20:5-15, 21:1-18, etc) seem to point towards the author was travelling with Paul during parts of his journeys. Some scholars report that, of the colleagues that Paul mentions in his epistles, the process of elimination leaves Luke as the only person who fits everything known about the author of Luke/Acts.

Additionally, the earliest manuscript of the Gospel (Papyrus Bodmer XIV/XV = P75), dated A.D. 200, ascribes the work to Luke; as did Irenaeus, writing A.D. 180; and the Muratorian fragment from A.D. 170. Scholars defending Luke's authorship point out that there is no reason for early Christians to attribute these works to such a minor figure if he did not in fact write them, nor is there any tradition attributing this work to any other author.


Death Edit

It is unknown how or where exactly where he died. Some early writers claim he was martyred, while others say he lived a long life. Some say he preached in Greece, others in Gaul. The earliest tradition we have says that he died at 84 Boeotia after settling in Greece to write his Gospel.


































Sources: Catholic OnlineWikipedia


































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